Year 2020, Volume 26 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 17 2020-06-30

Kahve Yetiştiriciliğinde Risk Kaynakları ve Risk Yönet m Stratejiler: Ruanda Örneği
Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda

Fidele HAKORİMANA [1] , Handan VURUŞ AKÇAÖZ [2]


Amaç: Bu araştırmanın amacı, halihazırda uygulanmış olan riskle başa çıkma (adaptasyon) stratejilerini benimsemek için çiftçilerin algılarını değerlendirmek ve çiftçilerin Ruanda kahve sektöründeki risk yönetimi stratejilerine katılımını etkileyen sosyo-ekonomik faktörleri belirlemektir.

Tasarım/metodoloji/yaklaşım: Bu araştırmada, hem birincil hem ikincil veriler kullanılmış ve Ağustos-Eylül 2016 döneminde 110 kahve çiftçisi ile görüşülmüştür. Birincil veriler, hanehalkı reislerine daha önceden hazırlanmış anket formları ile yüz yüze görüşülerek toplanmıştır. İncelenen kahve çiftliklerinde kahve üreticilerinin risk kaynaklarını ve risk yönetimi stratejilerini belirlemek için faktör analizi kullanılmıştır. Toplanan veriler SPSS 20 programı kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir.

Bulgular: Araştırmadan elde edilen sonuçlara göre risk kaynakları, kahve kirazının fiyat değişkenliği, yetersiz yağış, kahve çeşidinin verimsizliği ve sel; risk yönetimi stratejileri, çeşitlendirme, yeterli kimyasal girdi kullanımı, yeni ve dayanıklı kahve çeşitlerinin kullanımı ve pestisit kullanımı olarak tanımlanmıştır.

Özgünlük/değer: Kahve üretiminde risk konusunda çalışmalar bulunmamaktadır.

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to evaluate farmers' incentives and perceptions to adopt the risk coping (adaptation) strategies that have been already implemented and to determine the socio-economic factors affecting farmers' participation in the risk reduction strategies on the coffee sector of Rwanda.

Design/methodology/approach: In this research, both secondary and primary data were used and 110 coffee farmers were interviewed in August-September 2016. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaires that were administered to the sample of households' heads via person-interviews. The factor analysis was used to determine the risk sources of the coffee farmers and the risk management strategies in the examined coffee farms. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20 (Statistical Program for Social Scientists).

Findings: According to research results; the main risk sources then were identified to be: price volatility of coffee cherries, lack of enough rain, non-reproductive coffee varieties and floods, and the main risk adaptation strategies were: mixed farming (intercropping), followed by use of enough chemical inputs, use new and resistant coffee varieties and pesticides usage.

Originality/value: No studies have been found on the risk of coffee production.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Research
Authors

Author: Fidele HAKORİMANA
Institution: AKDENIZ UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Handan VURUŞ AKÇAÖZ (Primary Author)
Institution: Akdeniz University
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { tarekoder698795, journal = {Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi}, issn = {1303-0183}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım Ekonomisi Bölümü Bornova / İZMİR}, publisher = {Turkish Agricultural Economics Association}, year = {2020}, volume = {26}, pages = {1 - 17}, doi = {10.24181/tarekoder.698795}, title = {Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda}, key = {cite}, author = {Hakori̇mana, Fidele and Vuruş Akçaöz, Handan} }
APA Hakori̇mana, F , Vuruş Akçaöz, H . (2020). Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda. Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi , 26 (1) , 1-17 . DOI: 10.24181/tarekoder.698795
MLA Hakori̇mana, F , Vuruş Akçaöz, H . "Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 26 (2020 ): 1-17 <http://journal.tarekoder.org/en/pub/issue/55108/698795>
Chicago Hakori̇mana, F , Vuruş Akçaöz, H . "Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 26 (2020 ): 1-17
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda AU - Fidele Hakori̇mana , Handan Vuruş Akçaöz Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.698795 DO - 10.24181/tarekoder.698795 T2 - Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 17 VL - 26 IS - 1 SN - 1303-0183- M3 - doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.698795 UR - https://doi.org/10.24181/tarekoder.698795 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda %A Fidele Hakori̇mana , Handan Vuruş Akçaöz %T Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda %D 2020 %J Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi %P 1303-0183- %V 26 %N 1 %R doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.698795 %U 10.24181/tarekoder.698795
ISNAD Hakori̇mana, Fidele , Vuruş Akçaöz, Handan . "Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 26 / 1 (June 2020): 1-17 . https://doi.org/10.24181/tarekoder.698795
AMA Hakori̇mana F , Vuruş Akçaöz H . Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda. TED - TJAE. 2020; 26(1): 1-17.
Vancouver Hakori̇mana F , Vuruş Akçaöz H . Risk Sources and Risk Management Strategies in Coffee Farming: A Case Study of Rwanda. Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi. 2020; 26(1): 17-1.