Year 2020, Volume 26 , Issue 1, Pages 51 - 61 2020-06-30

Türkiye'de Tarım ve Tarım Dışı Sektörlerde Yakınsama, Kamu Harcamaları ve Göç: Mekansal Panel Veri Yaklaşımı
Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach

İ̇brahim Tuğrul ÇINAR [1] , Ersin Nail SAĞDIÇ [2]


Amaç: Bu çalışmada Türkiye’de 81 il bazında 2008-2018 yılları arası verileri kullanılarak tarım ve tarımdışı sektörler ile kamu harcamaları ve göç arasındaki ilişkilerin incelenmesi amaçlanmaktadır.

Tasarım/metodoloji/yaklaşım: Yakınsama analizine ilişkin sapmasız tahminciler elde edebilmek için Driscoll-Kraay tahmincisiyle mekansal panel veri analizi yöntemi kullanılmıştır.

Bulgular: Araştırma sonuçları, tarım sektöründeki yapısal problemler, tarım dışı sektörler ile tarım sektörünün etkileşimini iller bazında kısıtladığını ve bu durumun tarım sektöründeki yakınsamayı sınırlandırdırğını ortaya koymaktadır. Tarımdaki sınırlı yakınsama zengin ve fakir iller arasındaki gelir farklılığının devam etmesine neden olmaktadır. Bunun yanında araştıama sonuçları, tarım sektöründen tarım dışı sektörlere yönelik göç olgusu iller arasında sektörler bazında yakınsama üzerinde etkili olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Ayrıca kamu harcamalarının tarım ve tarım dışı sektörler üzerindeki etkisinin istatistiksel olarak anlamlı olmadığı tespit edilmiştir.

Özgünlük/değer: Bu çalışmanın özgünlüğü, Türkiye’de iller bazında sektörel yakınsamanın mekansal boyutları ve bunun göç ve kamu harcamaları ile ilişkisinin ilk defa ele alınmasıdır.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the spatial dimensions of the convergence process in the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors, public expenditures, and migration in 81 provinces of Turkey for the 2008-2018 period.

Design/methodology/approach: For this purpose, spatial panel data estimation methodology with Driscoll-Kraay estimator is used to capture the effect of space, which is a necessary condition to prevent biased estimates of convergence.

Findings: It is clear that structural problems in the agricultural sector restrict interaction with the non-agricultural sector in the provinces and this limits the convergence effect on the agricultural sector. Limited convergence in agricultural sector causes continued income gap between rich and poor provinces in Turkey. In addition to this, migration from the agricultural sector to the non-agricultural sector has an impact on the convergence of both sectors between provinces. Moreover, public expenditures appears to have no direct, indirect or total effect on both agriculture and non-agricultural sectors.

Originality/value: To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to show the spatial dimensions of convergence at sectoral level for provinces of Turkey with relation to public expenditures and migration across agricultural and non-agricultural sectors.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering, Management
Journal Section Research
Authors

Author: İ̇brahim Tuğrul ÇINAR
Institution: ANADOLU UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF ECONOMICS
Country: Turkey


Author: Ersin Nail SAĞDIÇ (Primary Author)
Institution: KÜTAHYA DUMLUPINAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { tarekoder671254, journal = {Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi}, issn = {1303-0183}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım Ekonomisi Bölümü Bornova / İZMİR}, publisher = {Turkish Agricultural Economics Association}, year = {2020}, volume = {26}, pages = {51 - 61}, doi = {10.24181/tarekoder.671254}, title = {Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach}, key = {cite}, author = {Çınar, İ̇brahim Tuğrul and Sağdıç, Ersin Nail} }
APA Çınar, İ , Sağdıç, E . (2020). Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach. Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi , 26 (1) , 51-61 . DOI: 10.24181/tarekoder.671254
MLA Çınar, İ , Sağdıç, E . "Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 26 (2020 ): 51-61 <http://journal.tarekoder.org/en/pub/issue/55108/671254>
Chicago Çınar, İ , Sağdıç, E . "Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 26 (2020 ): 51-61
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach AU - İ̇brahim Tuğrul Çınar , Ersin Nail Sağdıç Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.671254 DO - 10.24181/tarekoder.671254 T2 - Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 51 EP - 61 VL - 26 IS - 1 SN - 1303-0183- M3 - doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.671254 UR - https://doi.org/10.24181/tarekoder.671254 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach %A İ̇brahim Tuğrul Çınar , Ersin Nail Sağdıç %T Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach %D 2020 %J Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi %P 1303-0183- %V 26 %N 1 %R doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.671254 %U 10.24181/tarekoder.671254
ISNAD Çınar, İ̇brahim Tuğrul , Sağdıç, Ersin Nail . "Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 26 / 1 (June 2020): 51-61 . https://doi.org/10.24181/tarekoder.671254
AMA Çınar İ , Sağdıç E . Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach. TED - TJAE. 2020; 26(1): 51-61.
Vancouver Çınar İ , Sağdıç E . Convergence of Agricultural Sector, Non-Agricultural Sector, Public Expenditures and Migration in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Approach. Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi. 2020; 26(1): 61-51.