Year 2019, Volume 25 , Issue 1, Pages 77 - 86 2019-08-25

Tarım İşletmelerinde Risk Tutumlarının İşletme Başarısı Üzerine Etkisi ve Etkileyen Faktörlerin Analizi
Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors

Zeki BAYRAMOĞLU [1] , Orhan GÜNDÜZ [2] , Zuhal KARAKAYACI [3] , Yusuf ÇELİK [4]


Tarımsal üretim doğal, ekonomik, teknik ve sosyal birçok risk ve belirsizlik altında gerçekleşmektedir. Ayrıca tarım işletmelerinde sermayenin devir hızının düşük olmasından dolayı tasarruf oranı da düşüktür. Bu nedenler tarım işletmecisi yöneticilerinin üretim kararlarını etkilemektedir. Nitekim alınacak yanlış kararlar düşük gelir seviyesine neden olabilecek ve gelir düşüklüğünün şiddeti takip eden yıllarda etkisini gösterebilecektir. Bu durum işletmenin tamamen kapanması noktasına da gelebilmektedir. Tarım işletmesi yöneticilerinin riske karşı tutumları gelir düşüklüğü ile birlikte kaynakların atıl kalmasına da neden olabilmektedir. Nitekim üretim faktörlerinin risk kaygısı ile etkin kullanılmaması da gelir düşüklüğünün diğer bir nedenidir. Bu nedenle bu çalışmada Konya ilinde faaliyet gösteren tarım işletmelerinin yöneticilerinin riske karşı tutumları ve bunu etkileyen faktörler analiz edilmiştir. Bu amaca yönelik olarak Konya’da faaliyet gösteren tarım işletmelerinden tabakalı tesadüfi örnekleme yöntemi kullanılarak 396 örnek işletme belirlenmiştir. Bu işletmelerin yöneticilerine referans kumarı olarak bilinen tercih ölçeği soruları yöneltilerek risk tutumları belirlenmiştir. Tarım işletmelerinin risk davranışlarına göre ekonomik performansları Laur muhasebe sistemine göre analiz edilmiştir. Ayrıca işletme yöneticilerinin risk tutumlarını etkileyen faktörler lojistik regresyon analizi kullanılarak belirlenmiştir. Sonuç olarak tarım işletmelerinin %70,45’nin risk sevmediği ve %29,55’nin ise risk sevdiği belirlenmiştir. İşletme yöneticilerinin risk tutumlarını etkileyen en önemli faktörün işletme arazisinin büyüklüğü olduğu belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca risk seven işletmelerin ekonomik performansının risk sevmeyen işletmelere göre daha iyi olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

Agricultural production has been occurred under natural, economic, technical and social numerous risks and uncertainties. In addition, saving rate is low because the turnover rate of the capital is low in agricultural enterprises. These reasons affect to the production decisions of the agricultural entrepreneurs. Hence, the wrong decisions can lead to a low income, and the effect of the low income can reveal in the following years. This situation can also cause to close an enterprise. Attitudes of the agricultural entrepreneurs against risk can also cause that the resources have been an inactive. Since, the production factors not used effectively because of risk perception is another reason of low income. Therefore, the risk attitudes of the entrepreneurs in the agricultural enterprises operating in Konya province and affecting factors were analyzed in this study. For this purpose, 396 sample enterprises were selected from the agricultural enterprises operating in Konya by stratified random sampling method. The risk attitudes of the agricultural entrepreneurs were determined by asking the questions about preference scale known as the reference game. The economic performance of the agricultural enterprises according to risk attitude was analyzed as regards Laur Accounting Systems. In addition, the factors affecting risk attitudes of the agricultural entrepreneurs were determined by using Logistic Regression Analysis. As a result, it was determined that 70,45% of the agricultural enterprises did not like risk and 29,55% of them liked risk. The most important factor affecting the risk attitudes of the agricultural entrepreneurs is the size of the enterprise land. It was also found that the economic performance of the risk lover enterprises better than ones risk non-lover.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Research
Authors

Author: Zeki BAYRAMOĞLU

Author: Orhan GÜNDÜZ

Orcid: 0000-0003-2933-5608
Author: Zuhal KARAKAYACI (Primary Author)
Institution: SELCUK UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Yusuf ÇELİK

Supporting Institution TÜBİTAK
Project Number 113K429
Dates

Publication Date : August 25, 2019

Bibtex @research article { tarekoder562200, journal = {Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi}, issn = {1303-0183}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım Ekonomisi Bölümü Bornova / İZMİR}, publisher = {Turkish Agricultural Economics Association}, year = {2019}, volume = {25}, pages = {77 - 86}, doi = {10.24181/tarekoder.562200}, title = {Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors}, key = {cite}, author = {BAYRAMOĞLU, Zeki and GÜNDÜZ, Orhan and KARAKAYACI, Zuhal and ÇELİK, Yusuf} }
APA BAYRAMOĞLU, Z , GÜNDÜZ, O , KARAKAYACI, Z , ÇELİK, Y . (2019). Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors. Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi , 25 (1) , 77-86 . DOI: 10.24181/tarekoder.562200
MLA BAYRAMOĞLU, Z , GÜNDÜZ, O , KARAKAYACI, Z , ÇELİK, Y . "Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 25 (2019 ): 77-86 <http://journal.tarekoder.org/en/issue/48207/562200>
Chicago BAYRAMOĞLU, Z , GÜNDÜZ, O , KARAKAYACI, Z , ÇELİK, Y . "Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 25 (2019 ): 77-86
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors AU - Zeki BAYRAMOĞLU , Orhan GÜNDÜZ , Zuhal KARAKAYACI , Yusuf ÇELİK Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.562200 DO - 10.24181/tarekoder.562200 T2 - Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 77 EP - 86 VL - 25 IS - 1 SN - 1303-0183- M3 - doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.562200 UR - https://doi.org/10.24181/tarekoder.562200 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors %A Zeki BAYRAMOĞLU , Orhan GÜNDÜZ , Zuhal KARAKAYACI , Yusuf ÇELİK %T Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors %D 2019 %J Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi %P 1303-0183- %V 25 %N 1 %R doi: 10.24181/tarekoder.562200 %U 10.24181/tarekoder.562200
ISNAD BAYRAMOĞLU, Zeki , GÜNDÜZ, Orhan , KARAKAYACI, Zuhal , ÇELİK, Yusuf . "Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors". Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi 25 / 1 (August 2019): 77-86 . https://doi.org/10.24181/tarekoder.562200
AMA BAYRAMOĞLU Z , GÜNDÜZ O , KARAKAYACI Z , ÇELİK Y . Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors. TED - TJAE. 2019; 25(1): 77-86.
Vancouver BAYRAMOĞLU Z , GÜNDÜZ O , KARAKAYACI Z , ÇELİK Y . Effect of Risk Attitudes on the Success of the Enterprise in the Agricultural Enterprises and Analysis of Effecting Factors. Tarım Ekonomisi Dergisi. 2019; 25(1): 86-77.